Egyptian Religion > Egyptian Pantheon of Gods
Egyptian Pantheon of Gods
These gods and goddesses appear in virtually every aspect of ancient Egyptian civilization, and more than 1,500 of them are known by name. Many Egyptian texts mention deities' names without indicating their character or role, while other texts refer to specific deities without even stating their name, so a complete list of them is difficult to assemble.
Pantheon of Gods
|God Name||God Description|
|Aker||A god of the earth and the horizon|
Ammit – goddess who devoured condemned soulsAmenhotep son of Hapu – A scribe and architect in the court of Amenhotep III, later deified for his wisdomAm-heh – A dangerous underworld godAmun – A creator god, patron deity of the city of Thebes, and the preeminent deity in Egypt during the New KingdomAmunet – Female counterpart of Amun and a member of the OgdoadAnat – A war and fertility goddess, originally from Syria, who entered Egyptian religion in the Middle KingdomAnhur – A god of war and huntingAnput - A goddess of the dead and mummificationAnti – Falcon god, worshipped in Middle Egypt, who appears in myth as a ferryman for greater godsAnubis – god of embalming and protector of the deadAnuket – A goddess of Egypt's southern frontier regions, particularly the lower cataracts of the NileApedemak – A warlike lion god from Nubia who appears in some Egyptian-built temples in Lower NubiaApep – A serpent deity who personified malevolent chaos and was said to fight Ra in the underworld every nightApis – A live bull worshipped as a god at Memphis and seen as a manifestation of PtahArensnuphis – A Nubian deity who appears in Egyptian temples in Lower Nubia in the Greco-Roman eraAsh – A god of the Libyan Desert and oases west of EgyptAstarte – A warrior goddess from Syria and Canaan who entered Egyptian religion in the New KingdomAten – Sun disk deity who became the focus of the monolatrous or monotheistic Atenist belief system in the reign of AkhenatenAtum – A creator god and solar deity, first god of the EnneadBaal – Sky and storm god from Syria and Canaan, worshipped in Egypt during the New KingdomBa'alat Gebal – A Caananite goddess, patroness of the city of Byblos, adopted into Egyptian religionBabi – A baboon god characterized by sexuality and aggressionBanebdjedet – A ram god, patron of the city of MendesBa-Pef – A little-known underworld deityBast – Goddess represented as a cat or lioness, patroness of the city of Bubastis, linked with protection from evilBat – Cow goddess from early in Egyptian history, eventually absorbed by HathorBennu – A solar and creator deity, depicted as a birdBes – Apotropaic god, represented as a dwarf, particularly important in protecting children and women in childbirthBuchis – A live bull god worshipped in the region around Thebes and a manifestation of MontuDedun – A Nubian god, said to provide the Egyptians with incense and other resources that came from NubiaGeb – An earth god and member of the EnneadHa – A god of the Libyan Desert and oases west of EgyptHapi – Personification of the Nile floodHathor – One of the most important goddesses, linked with the sky, the sun, sexuality and motherhood, music and dance, foreign lands and goods, and the afterlife. One of many forms of the Eye of Ra.Hatmehit – Fish goddess worshipped at MendesHedetet – A minor scorpion goddessHeh – Personification of infinity and a member of the OgdoadHeka – Personification of magicHeket – Frog goddess said to protect women in childbirthHeryshaf – Ram god worshipped at Herakleopolis MagnaHesat – A maternal cow goddessHorus – A major god, usually shown as a falcon or as a human child, linked with the sky, the sun, kingship, protection, and healing. Often said to be the son of Osiris and Isis.Hu – Personification of the authority of the spoken wordIah – A moon godIat – A goddess of milk and nursingIhy – A child deity born to Horus and Hathor, representing the music and joy produced by the sistrumImentet – An afterlife goddess closely linked with Isis and HathorImhotep – Architect and vizier to Djoser, eventually deified as a healer godIshtar – The East Semitic version of Astarte, occasionally mentioned in Egyptian textsIsis – Wife of Osiris and mother of Horus, linked with funerary rites, motherhood, protection, and magic. She became a major deity in Greek and Roman religion.Iusaaset – A female counterpart to AtumKek - The God of Chaos and Darkness, as well as being the concept of primordial darkness. Kek's female form is known as Kauket.Khepri – A solar creator god, often treated as the morning form of Ra and represented by a scarab beetleKherty – A netherworld god, usually depicted as a ramKhnum – A ram god, the patron deity of Elephantine, who was said to control the Nile flood and give life to gods and humansKhonsu – A moon god, son of Amun and MutMaahes – A lion god, son of BastetMaat – goddess who personified truth, justice, and orderMafdet – A predatory goddess said to destroy dangerous creaturesMandulis – A Lower Nubian solar deity who appeared in some Egyptian templesMehit – A lioness goddess, consort of AnhurMenhit – A lioness goddessMehen – A serpent god who protects the barque of Ra as it travels through the underworldMehet-Weret – A celestial cow goddessMeretseger – A cobra goddess who oversaw the Theban NecropolisMeskhenet – A goddess who presided over childbirthMin – A god of virility, as well as the cities of Akhmim and Qift and the Eastern Desert beyond themMnevis – A live bull god worshipped at Heliopolis as a manifestation of RaMontu – A god of war and the sun, worshipped at ThebesMut – Consort of Amun, worshipped at ThebesNebethetepet – A female counterpart to AtumNefertum – god of the lotus blossom from which the sun god rose at the beginning of time. Son of Ptah and Sekhmet.Nehebu-Kau – A protective serpent godNehmetawy – A minor goddess, the consort of Nehebu-Kau or ThothNeith – A creator and hunter goddess, patron of the city of Sais in Lower EgyptNekhbet – A vulture goddess, the tutelary deity of Upper EgyptNeper – A god of grainNephthys – A member of the Ennead, the consort of Set, who mourned Osiris alongside IsisNu – Personification of the formless, watery disorder from which the world emerged at creation and a member of the OgdoadNut – A sky goddess, a member of the EnneadOsiris – god of death and resurrection who rules the underworld and enlivens vegetation, the sun god, and deceased soulsPakhet – A lioness goddess mainly worshipped in the area around Beni HasanPtah – A creator deity and god of craftsmen, the patron god of MemphisQetesh – A goddess of sexuality and sacred ecstasy from Syria and Canaan, adopted into Egyptian religion in the New KingdomRa – the foremost Egyptian sun god, involved in creation and the afterlife. Mythological ruler of the gods, father of every Egyptian king, and the patron god of Heliopolis.Raet-Tawy – A female counterpart to RaRenenutet – An agricultural goddessReshep – A Syrian war god adopted into Egyptian religion in the New KingdomRenpet – goddess who personified the yearSatet – A goddess of Egypt's southern frontier regionsSeker – god of the Memphite Necropolis and of the afterlife in generalSekhmet – A lioness goddess, both destructive and violent and capable of warding off disease. The consort of Ptah and one of many forms of the Eye of Ra.Serapis – A Greco-Egyptian god from the Ptolemaic Period who fused traits of Osiris and Apis with those of several Greek gods. Husband of Isis who, like her, was adopted into Greek and Roman religion outside Egypt.Serket – A scorpion goddess, invoked for healing and protectionSeshat – goddess of writing and record-keeping, depicted as a scribeSet – An ambivalent god, characterized by violence, chaos, and strength, connected with the desert. Mythological murderer of Osiris and enemy of Horus, but also a supporter of the king.Shai – Personification of fateShed – A god believed to save people from danger and misfortuneShesmetet – A lioness goddessShezmu – A god of wine and oil presses who also slaughters condemned soulsShu – embodiment of wind or air, a member of the EnneadSia – Personification of perceptionSobek – Crocodile god, worshipped in the Faiyum and at Kom OmboSopdu – A god of the sky and of Egypt's eastern border regionsSopdet – Deification of the star SiriusTa-Bitjet – A minor scorpion goddessTatenen – Personification of the first mound of earth to emerge from chaos in ancient Egyptian creation mythsTaweret – Hippopotamus goddess, protector of women in childbirthTefnut – Goddess of moisture and a member of the EnneadTenenetThoth – A moon god, and a god of writing and scribes, and patron deity of HermopolisTutu – An apotropaic god from the Greco-Roman eraUnut – A goddess represented as a snake or a hare, worshipped in the region of HermopolisWadjet – A cobra goddess, the tutelary deity of Lower EgyptWadj-wer – Personification of the Mediterranean sea or lakes of the Nile DeltaWeneg – A son of Ra who maintains cosmic orderWepwawet – A jackal god, the patron deity of Asyut, connected with warfare and the afterlifeWerethekau – A goddess who protected the kingWosret – A minor goddess of ThebesYam – A Syrian god of the sea who appears in some Egyptian texts
|God Name||God Description|
Groups of Dieties
– An extended family of nine deities produced by Atum during the creation of the world. The Ennead usually consisted of Atum, his children Shu and Tefnut, their children Geb and Nut, and their children Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys.
Four Sons of Horus
– Four gods who protected the mummified body, particularly the internal organs in canopic jars.
– A set of eight gods who personified the chaos that existed before creation. The Ogdoad commonly consisted of Amun, Amunet, Nu, Naunet, Heh, Hauhet, Kuk, and Kauket.
Souls of Pe & Nekhen
The Souls of Pe and Nekhen – A set of gods personifying the predynastic rulers of Upper and Lower Egypt.
CitationsJump up ^ Allen 2000, pp. 43–45Jump up ^ Wilkinson 2003, pp. 6–7,73^ Jump up to: a b Hart 2005, p. 11Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 12–13^ Jump up to: a b Hart 2005, p. 12Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 13–22Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 22Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 113–114Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 23Jump up ^ Wilkinson 2003, p. 204Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 25–28Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 28–29Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 29Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 31–32Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 29–31Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 32–33Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 33Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 34Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 34–40Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 40–42Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 43Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 43–44Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 44Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 44–45Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 45Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 45–47Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 47–48Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 48Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 49–50Jump up ^ Wilkinson 2003, p. 172–173Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 52Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 58–60^ Jump up to: a b Hart 2005, p. 61Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 61–65^ Jump up to: a b Hart 2005, p. 66Jump up ^ Wilkinson 2003, p. 230Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 66–67Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 67–68Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 68–69Jump up ^ Wilkinson 2003, pp. 173–174Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 70–76Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 76Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 77Jump up ^ Wilkinson 2003, pp. 145Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 77–78Jump up ^ Wilkinson 2003, pp. 145–146Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 78–79Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 79Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 79–83Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 83Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 84–85Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 85Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 85–86Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 86–88Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 92Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 89–90Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 90Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 90–91^ Jump up to: a b Wilkinson 2003, p. 179^ Jump up to: a b Hart 2005, p. 91Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 91–92Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 92Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 92–95Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 95–96Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 96–97Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 97–99^ Jump up to: a b Hart 2005, p. 99Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 99–100Jump up ^ Wilkinson 2003, p. 156Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 100–101Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 101–102Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 102Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 102–103Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 109–110Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 110–112Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 114–124Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 125Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 128–131Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 132Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 133–135^ Jump up to: a b Wilkinson 2003, p. 164Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 135–137Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 137Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 140–141Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 148–149Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 138–139Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 139–140Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 141–142Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 142–143Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 143–145Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 145–146^ Jump up to: a b Hart 2005, p. 146Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 146–147Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 147Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 147–148Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 148Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 151Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 151–152^ Jump up to: a b Hart 2005, p. 154Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 154–155Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 156Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 156–159Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 159Jump up ^ Wilkinson 2003, p. 199Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 161^ Jump up to: a b Hart 2005, p. 162Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 162–163Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 163Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 164Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 165Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 53Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 149–161Jump up ^ Hart 2005, p. 113Jump up ^ Hart 2005, pp. 152–153Works citedAllen, James P. (2000). Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-77483-7.Hart, George (2005). The Routledge Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Second Edition. Routledge. ISBN 0-203-02362-5.Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05120-8.Further readingLeitz, Christian, ed. (2002). Lexikon der ägyptischen Götter und Götterbezeichnungen (in German). Peeters. Vol. I: ISBN 90-429-1146-8; Vol. II: ISBN 90-429-1147-6; Vol. III: ISBN 90-429-1148-4; Vol. IV: ISBN 90-429-1149-2; Vol. V: ISBN 90-429-1150-6; Vol. VI: ISBN 90-429-1151-4; Vol. VII: ISBN 90-429-1152-2; Vol. VIII: ISBN 90-429-1376-2.