Egyptian Dynasties > Twenty-Seventh Dynasty of Egypt (Persians)

Twenty-Seventh Dynasty of Egypt (Persians)

Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration

Background

The Twenty-Seventh Dynasty of Egypt, also spelled as the 27th Dynasty or Dynasty XXVII was also known as the First Egyptian Satrapy due to it being a dynasty of vassal kings installed by the Achaemenid Empire. It was first established by the son of Cyrus the Great named Cambyses II who defeated the last king of the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty named Psamtik III in May of 525 BCE at the Battle of Pelusium.

Egypt was then joined with Cyprus and Phoenicia in the sixth satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire. Thus began the first period of Persian rule over Egypt (also known as the 27th Dynasty), which ended around 402 BC.After an interval of independence, during which three indigenous dynasties reigned (the 28th, 29th, and 30th dynasty), Artaxerxes III (358 BC) reconquered the Nile valley for a brief second period (343 BC), which is called the thirty-first dynasty of Egypt.

Late Period of Egypt

Egyptian Dynasties

Egyptian Dynasties List

Sources

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