Egyptian Dynasties > Thirty-First Dynasty of Egypt

Thirty-First Dynasty of Egypt

Egypt History - Egyptian Chapter Decoration

Background

The Thirty-First Dynasty of Egypt, also spelled the 31st Dynasty or Dynasty XXXI, was the second dynasty of Achaemenids and a satrapy of the empire during the Late Period of Egypt. Following the brief period of native Egyptian rule under the 28th, 29th, and the 30th dynasties the Achaemenids managed to regain control over Egypt under leader Artaxerxes III and installed a vassal kings between 343 BCE and 332 BCE.

It is not known to history who actually served as the initial satrap under Artaxerxes III but under the rule of Darius III it was known to have been a man named Sabaces who later fought and died at the Battle of Issus during the campaign of Alexander the Great. He was succeeded as satrap by Mazaces who promptly turned the territory over to Alexander without a fight in 332 BCE when he marched into Egypt following the conquering of Phoenicia. Following this the satrapy of Egypt transferred hands from the Achaemenids to Alexander the Great who would hold it until his death.

Following the death of Alexander and the subsequent Wars of the Diadochi the civilization of Egypt was taken by Ptolemy I Soter who established the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt as well as the larger Ptolemaic Kingdom. Following several centuries of Greek rule over Egypt the territory would once again shift hands to the Romans following the death of Cleopatra VII.

Egyptian & Persian Culture

Late Period of Egypt

Egyptian Dynasties

Egyptian Dynasties List

Sources

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